Neem (Azadirachta Indica) in sanskrit is also known as ‘Nimba’ which means ‘bestower of good health’. This tree had been kept a secret by India for years together due to its various properties and uses and through the history of neem tree it has had many fascinating aspects for the people of India and now all over the world.
Not knowing its full potential, people used this tree for a general purpose of using it as shade, to cool down, and for the safety it provided from bugs and insects due to its natural repellant action. As time passed and the awareness about this tree increased people of India started using every part of this sacred tree-the seeds, leaves, flowers , fruits , oils , bark and roots.
Neem was used for many home remedies used to treat a hundred problems from small scratches, skin rashes to fever, malaria and diabetes.
Due to its varied application and versatility it served as a boon for the pharmaceutical world.
It opened doors to new research and development to treat various diseases with a more natural, organic and healthy approach, hence, acting as a gift to the traditional and modern medicine systems.
The neem plant used to be planted in the vicinity of every house because it kept the houses free from virus, germs and insects; it was used by the ladies of the house for its invaluable source of health, beauty and hygiene. A bath with the decoction of neem leaves left their skin looking glowing, supple and beautiful, the neem leaves were applied on the face to make it younger, radiant and acne free due to its anti-ageing effects and antiseptic properties.
Men used its roots, barks and leaves as fertilizers for their crops and as medicinal potions for their livestock and cattle.
Neem oil was believed to prevent balding and greying hair and it was regularly used to prevent lice and dandruff.
NIMBA, the great medicine for the cure of pitta.
All these practices and uses have been validated by the modern science. And today it is incorporated in various drugs due to its antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-septic properties.
Neem leaf is used to treat leprosy, eye disorders, bloody nose, intestinal worms, upset stomach and loss of appetite, skin ulcers, cardio vascular diseases, gingivitis and liver problems.
Neem oil is widely used in the cosmetic industry for the manufacturing of various products for making the skin better and supple.
Neem oil along with other essential oils like peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil is used to give a soothing, calming effect.
Neem tea made with its leaves is had to improve digestion and lower blood sugar.
The neem plant all in all is a very useful tree in several ways and its use has increased in today’s world due to increasing demand of natural product and back to the roots treatment wanted by the majority.
In today’s world the exposure to pathogens and health hazards has increased to prevent any health issues or disease neem should be incorporated in one’s daily life in any small way and it should be used in the formulation of drugs and dosage forms since it has no toxic effect of animals and humans.